Halkin Emek Partisi


Halkin Emek Partisi
(HEP)
   In the fall of 1989, a number of parliamentary members of Erdal Inonu's Sosyal Demokrat Halkci Partisi (SHP), or Social Democratic Peoples Party, in Turkey who were of Kurdish ancestry were expelled for attending a conference on "Kurdish National Identity and Human Rights" in Paris. These former SHP members were the seeds of HEP, or the Peoples Labor Party, which was created in June 1990 as the first legal Kurdish party with eventual representation in the Turkish parliament in modern times.
   Since HEP's founding congress could not be held in time for it to qualify for the national elections in 1991, 22 HEP members rejoined the SHP and were elected to the new parliament. Leyla Zana and Hatip Dicle, two of these HEP members, caused an uproar in Turkey when they refused to take the traditional oath of office for parliament. Instead, Zana, wearing Kurdish national colors on her headband, declared, "I take this oath for the brotherhood of the Turkish and Kurdish peoples."
   Most Turks saw HEP as simply a front for the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). HEP was banned in June 1993 and was succeeded by the Demokrasi Partisi (DEP), or Democracy Party, which itself was banned in 1994, only to be succeeded by the Halkin Demokrasi Partisi (HADEP), or Peoples Democracy Party, which also was banned in 2003. Mehmet Sincar, a former HEP member and then a DEP member of parliament, was murdered in September 1993, probably by state security officers. Leyla Zana and seven other members of HEP's successor DEP had their parliamentary immunity lifted in March 1994 and were imprisoned. Zana, who had become an international cause celebre, was finally released from prison in 2004 but faced renewed criminal charges for her advocacy of Kurdish rights as of 2010.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Halkin Demokrasi Partisi — (HADEP)    HADEP, or the Peoples Democracy Party, was created in 1994 as the legal pro Kurdish party successor to the banned Halkin Emek Partisi (HEP) and Demokrasi Partisi (DEP) parties in Turkey. Although HADEP did rather well in local… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Barış ve Demokrasi Partisi — Vorsitzender Logo (Selahattin Demirtaş) Basisdaten Abkürzung: BDP Vorsitzender Selahattin Demirtaş …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Demokrasi Partisi — (DEP)    DEP, or the Democracy Party, was a Kurdish party in Turkey that succeeded the Halkin Emek Partisi (HEP), or Peoples Labor Party, when it was closed down by the government in 1993 and was itself closed down by the government in 1994 and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Liste der Parteien in der Türkei — Die Liste der politischen Parteien in der Türkei soll einen Überblick in die aktuelle Landschaft der Türkei gewähren. Sie listet nach 1954 neu oder wiedergegründete Parteien auf, die ihre Aktivitäten bis heute offiziell fortsetzen oder verboten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der politischen Parteien in der Türkei — Die Liste der politischen Parteien in der Türkei soll einen Überblick in die aktuelle Landschaft der Türkei gewähren. Sie listet nach 1954 neu oder wiedergegründete Parteien auf, die ihre Aktivitäten bis heute offiziell fortsetzen oder verboten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste politischer Parteien der Türkei — Die Liste der politischen Parteien in der Türkei soll einen Überblick in die aktuelle Landschaft der Türkei gewähren. Sie listet nach 1954 neu oder wiedergegründete Parteien auf, die ihre Aktivitäten bis heute offiziell fortsetzen oder verboten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste politischer Parteien in der Türkei — Die Liste der politischen Parteien in der Türkei soll einen Überblick in die aktuelle Landschaft der Türkei gewähren. Sie listet nach 1954 neu oder wiedergegründete Parteien auf, die ihre Aktivitäten bis heute offiziell fortsetzen oder verboten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Human rights in Turkey — Republic of Turkey This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Republic of Turkey …   Wikipedia

  • Acronyms and Abbreviations — AI Amnesty International AKIN American Kurdish Information Network (USA) AKP Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AK Partisi (Justice and Development Party) (Turkey) ARGK Artes i Rizgariye Geli Kurdistan (Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army) (PKK) AYOD… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Sosyaldemokrat Halkçı Parti — Sozialdemokratische Populistische Partei Gründung 3. November 1985 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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